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2019年9月全国英语等级考试三级词汇练习(8)

全国等级考试资料网 2019-06-18 08:32:05 22

Directions: In this section, there are 10 incomplete sentences. You are required to complete each one by deciding on the most appropriate word or words from the 4 choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then you should mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

16. In spite of what we said, he refused to ________ to the police station.

A) give away

B) give off

C) give himself away

D) give himself up

17. It is imperative that the students ________ writing their papers by the end of the month.

A) finish

B) must finish

C) will finish

D) are to finish

18. I invited Tom and Ann to dinner, but ________ of them came.

A) both

B) none

C) either

D) neither

19. The heart is an important organ of circulation ________ function is to pump blood to all parts of the body.

A) which

B) whose

C) of it

D) its

20. _________ with the size of the whole earth, the highest mountain does not seem high at all.

A) When compared

B) Compare

C) While comparing

D) Comparing

21. Training astronauts _________ not an easy thing.

A) are

B) is

C) were

D) be

22. Would you be _________ by the idea of going to Paris?

A) exciting

B) excitably

C) excited

D) excitedly

23. There is no ________ that women are playing an important role in the world today.

A) of deny

B) to denying

C) denying

D) of denying

24. I am rather concerned ________ her, for I haven’t heard from her since last winter.

A) of

B) at

C) with

D) about

25. Look at the terrible situation I am in! If only I ________ your advice.

A) had followed

B) would follow

C) follow

D) have followed

16.【答案】D 【译文】不管我们怎么说,他都拒绝去警局自首。 【考点】动词短语的词义辨析  【解析】give sb.up意为“自首,表示对…一没有希望”。例:It was so late that we had given him up.已经很晚了,我们认为他不会来了。give away意为“送掉,分发,放弃,泄露,出卖,让步,陷下”。例:He was invited to attend the closing ceremony of the tournament and to give away the prizes.他应邀出席锦标赛的闭幕式并颁发奖品。He gave away the secret without meaning to.他无意中把秘密泄露了。give off表示“发出,放出(蒸汽、气味等)”。例:This kind of coal gives off dense smoke.这种煤烧起来直冒浓烟。根据题意,故选D。

17.【答案】A【译文】学生必须在月底以前做完论文。 【考点】虚拟语气 【解析】imperative的意思是“必要的,强制的”。当表示建议、指令、愿望、个人意见或判断、要求时,构成It is...that...结构,主语从句要用虚拟语气,动词形式为“should+动词原形”或只用动词原形,故选A。

18.【答案】D【译文】我邀请了Tom和Ann共进晚餐,但是他们一个都没来。 【考点】代词的用法 【解析】both指两个都,none指没有一个(通常是指三个或三个以上的范围中),either指两个中的任意一个,neither指两个都不。根据本题的意思,故选D。

19.【答案】B【译文】心脏是血液循环的器官,它的功能是把血液输送到身体的各个部位。 【考点】定语从句 【解析】选项A的which应该在定语从句中担任一定的成分,但空格之后的句子是主系表结构,主谓成分已经很齐全,所以不适合;选项C不能使原句的结构成立;而假如把its放在空格处,在其前应该加句号将两句分开,故D也不合适;选项B的whose作关系代词时,既可指人,也可指物,符合题意,故选B。

20.【答案】A【译文】和整个地球的大小相比,地球上最高的山看来一点儿也不高。 【考点】分词作状语 【解析】句中compare是及物动词,其动作的对象是句子的主语the highest mountain,为此须用表示被动意思的过去分词compared,而不能用现在分词comparing,故选A。  21.【答案】B【译文】训练宇航员可不是件容易的事。 【考点】主谓一致 【解析】当分词短语作主语时,谓语动词用单数,故选B。

22.【答桑】C【译文】去巴黎的想法会不会让你感到很兴奋?【考点】形容词辨析 【解析】动词变成形容词有两种形式:主动和被动。主动形式一般用来表达物的性质;被动形式一般用来表达人的态度、情绪等特征。例:The book is interesting./He is interested in politics.根据题意,故选C。

23.【答案】C【译文】女性在当今社会中发挥着相当重要的作用,这已是不争的事实。 【考点】形容词辨析 【解析】作限定词时后面接名词,相当于not a(n)或not any。denying为动名词,具有名词的性质,故选C。

24.【答案】D【译文】我十分担心她,因为自去年冬天到现在我都没有收到她的信。 【考点】固定短语 【解析】be concerned about是固定搭配,意为“担心,挂念”,故选D。

25.【答案】A【译文】瞧,我的处境多糟糕,要是听了你的主意该多好啊!【考点】虚拟语气 【解析】if only引导的句子,表示说话人的一种愿望,希望过去发生的事能与事实相反。由此可见,在本题中,事实上说话人并不曾听劝告,用过去完成时表达对过去的一种愿望,故选A。

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