友情提示:本站已经不再是南强考网,请知晓。

2019年公共英语四级模拟试题及答案十四

全国等级考试资料网 2019-05-19 17:53:39 37

Part I Writing 15’

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic Choosing an Occupation. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words following the outline given below.

1. 职业的选择很重要

2. 如何明智的选择自己的职业

3. 你的职业选择。

Part II Listening Comprehension 35’

Section A

Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

1. A. In a shop. B. In a bus. C. In a hospital. D. In a restaurant.

2. A. Standing. B. Eating cheese. C. Relaxing. D. Taking a photo.

3. A. 30 minutes. B. 20 minutes. C. An hour. D. 40 minutes.

4. A. He should see his uncle. B. He should attend a meeting.

C. He’ll have a class. D. He has an appointment.

5. A. The museum. B. His tutor’s office

C. His Chinese lessons. D. The library.

6. A. She doesn’t like flying very much.

B. She usually takes the train when she travels.

C. She has something important to do in Madrid.

D. She has just been to Madrid.

7. A. He thinks his team will lose if the weather is bad.

B. He thinks bad weather will affect both teams.

C. He really doesn’t know.

D. He doesn’t think the weather will make any difference.

8. A. He will discuss it again with Mary.

B. He will probably not buy Mary a pet.

C. He thinks it’s not a good idea to buy a pet for Mary.

D. He thinks pets are a lot of trouble.

Questions 9 to 11 are based on the conversation you’ve just heard.

9. A. She is tired of her present work. B. She wants to save travel expenses.

C. She wants a much higher salary. D. She wants to get promotion.

10. A. Travel agent. B. Environmental engineer.

C. Translator. D. Language teacher.

11. A. Education and experience. B. Lively personality.

C. Communication skills and team spirit. D. Devotion and work efficiency.

Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you’ve just heard.

12. A. She finds it too hard. B. She lacks interest in it.

C. She is worried about the man. D. The man keeps interrupting her.

13. A. The course is poorly designed. B. The lectures are boring.

C. She enjoys literature more. D. She prefers Philosophy to English.

14. A. Karen’s parents. B. Karen’s friends.

C. Karen’s lecturers. D. Karen herself.

15. A. Leaving the university.

B. Getting transferred to the English Department.

C. Spending less of her parents’ money.

D. Changing her major.

Section B

Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Passage One

Questions 16 to 19 are based on the conversation you’ve just heard.

16. A. To buy his wife a black pearl necklace.

B. To see what new jewelry the shop had got recently.

C. To buy some jewelry because he had made a lot of money in business.

D. To buy some jewelry as his wife’s birthday present.

17. A. The size of the pearl. B. The qualify of the pearl.

C. The price of the pearl. D. The color of the pearl.

18. A. A pearl she inherited from her mother.

B. The pearl that the man had bought from the jewelry shop.

C. An imitation of the original pearl.

D. A family pearl.

19. A. $5, 000. B. $20,000. C. $25,000. D. $30,000.

Passage Two

Questions 20 to 22 are based on the conversation you’ve just heard.

20. A. Time spent working. B. Time spent exercising.

C. Time spent on leisure activities. D. Time spent with friends and family.

21. A. Eating out. B. Watching TV.

C. Reading. D. Surfing the Web.

22. A. Driving. B. Visiting friends.

C. Gardening. D. Going to the pub.

Passage Three

Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you’ve just heard.

23. A. Help students’ concentrate in class.

B. Record students’ weekly performance.

C. Ask students to complete a sleep report.

D. Monitor students’ sleep patterns.

24. A. Lack of attention. B. Loss of motivation.

C. Declining health. D. Improper behavior.

25. A. They should make sure their children are always punctual for school.

B. They should ensure their children grow up in a healthy environment.

C. They should help their children accomplish high-quality work.

D. They should see to it that their children have adequate sleep.

Section C

Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

As a person living in the 21st century, you will probably move several times in your (26) . And most of those moves will take you to another city – a new job, new friends, sometimes a whole new lifestyle.

Moving offers the opportunity to make (27) changes as well as to change the place where you live and work.

When no one knows you, you can make these changes in yourself and your lifestyle more (28)____________ because your old friends aren’t watching you and you don’t have the (29)____________ of your former co-workers.

Moving offers opportunities, but of course, it can also cause problems. It takes time to (30) to change and you might feel (31) and unhappy at first. Moving can also cause problems within the family. If both you and your husband or wife work, probably only one of you will (32) professionally from the move. The other may feel angry. And children may feel angry too, because they have to leave their friends and school.

In the end, moving will be easier if you can focus on the present. That is, (33)_________________________ missing the life you left behind. Instead, start making a new life in your new city. And don’t worry that you might have to move again (34)__________________. Think about where you are now and (35)________________.

Part III Reading Comprehension (35’)

Section A (1’×10 = 10’)

Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once. Each paragraph is marked with a letter. Write the letter on the Answer Sheet. (请在答题纸上写段落的代号)

Caught in the Web

[A] A few months ago, it wasn’t unusual for 47-year-old Carla Toebe to spend 15 hours per day online. She’d wake up early, turn on her laptop and chat on Internet dating sites and instant-messaging programs — leaving her bed for only brief intervals. Her household bills piled up, along with the dishes and dirty laundry, but it took near-constant complaints from her four daughters before she realized she had a problem.

[B] “I was starting to feel like my whole world was falling apart — kind of slipping into a depression,” said Carla. “I knew that if I didn’t get off the dating sites, I’d just keep going,” detaching (使脱离) herself further from the outside world. Toebe’s conclusion: She felt like she was “addicted” to the Internet. She’s not alone.

[C] Concern about excessive Internet use isn’t new. As far back as 1995, articles in medical journals and the establishment of a Pennsylvania treatment center for overusers generated interest in the subject. There’s still no consensus on how much time online constitutes too much or whether addiction is possible.

[D] But as reliance on the Web grows, there are signs that the question is getting more serious attention: Last month, a study published in CNS Spectrums claimed to be the first large-scale look at excessive Internet use. The American Psychiatric Association may consider listing Internet addiction in the next edition of its diagnostic manual. And scores of online discussion boards have popped up on which people discuss negative experiences tied to too much time on the Web.

[E] “There’s no question that there’re people who’re seriously in trouble because they’re overdoing their Internet involvement, ” said psychiatrist (精神科医生) Ivan Goldberg. Goldberg calls the problem a disorder rather than a true addiction.

[F] Jonathan Bishop, a researcher in Wales specializing in online communities, is more skeptical. “The Internet is an environment,” he said. “You can’t be addicted to the environment,” Bishop describes the problem as simply a matter of priorities, which can be solved by encouraging people to prioritize other life goals and plans in place of time spent online.

[G] The new CNS Spectrums study was based on results of a nationwide telephone survey of more than 2,500 adults. Like the 2005 survey, this one was conducted by Stanford University researchers. About 6% of respondents reported that “their relationships suffered because of excessive Internet use.” About 9% attempted to conceal “nonessential Internet use,” and nearly 4% reported feeling “preoccupied by the Internet when offline.” About 8% said they used the Internet as a way to escape problems, and almost 14% reported they “found it hard to stay away from the Internet for several days at a time.”

[H] “The Internet problem is still in its infancy,” said Elias Aboujaoude, a Stanford professor. No single online activity is to blame for excessive use, he said. “They’re online in chat rooms, checking e-mail, or writing blogs. [The problem is] not limited to porn (色情) or gambling” websites.

[I] Excessive Internet use should be defined not by the number of hours spent online but “in terms of losses,” said Maressa Orzack, a Harvard University professor. “If it’s a loss [where] you’re not getting to work, and family relationships are breaking down as a result, then it’s too much.”

[J] Since the early 1990s, several clinics have been established in the U.S. to treat heavy Internet users. They include the Center for Internet Addiction Recovery and the Center for Internet Behavior.

[K]The website for Orzack’s center lists the following among the psychological symptoms of computer addiction:

l Having a sense of well-being or excitement while at the computer.

l Longing for more and more time at the computer.

l Neglect of family and friends.

l Feeling empty, depressed or irritable when not at the computer.

l Lying to employers and family about activities.

l Inability to stop the activity.

l Problems with school or job.

[L] Physical symptoms listed include dry eyes, backaches, skipping meals, poor personal hygiene (卫生) and sleep disturbances.

[M] People who struggle with excessive Internet use may be depressed or have other mood disorders, Orzack said. When she discusses Internet habits with her patients, they often report that being online offers a “sense of belonging, an escape, excitement [and] fun,” she said. “Some people say relief…because they find themselves so relaxed.”

[N] Some parts of the Internet seem to draw people in more than others. Internet gamers spend countless hours competing in games against people from all over the world. One such game, called World of Warcraft, is cited on many sites by posters complaining of a “gaming addiction.”

[O] Andrew Heidrich, an education network administrator from Sacramento, plays World of Warcraft for about two to four hours every other night, but that’s nothing compared with the 40 to 60 hours a week he spent playing online games when he was in college. He cut back only after a full-scale family intervention (干预), in which relatives told him he’d gained weight.

[P] “There’s this whole culture of competition that sucks people in” with online gaming, said Heidrich, now a father of two. “People do it at the expense of everything that was a constant in their lives.” Heidrich now visits websites that discuss gaming addiction regularly “to remind myself to keep my love for online games in check.”

[Q] Toebe also regularly visits a site where posters discuss Internet overuse. In August, when she first realized she had a problem, she posted a message on a Yahoo Internet addiction group with the subject line: “I have an Internet Addiction.”

[R] “I’m self-employed and need the Internet for my work, but I’m failing to accomplish my work, to take care of my home, to give attention to my children,” she wrote in a message sent to the group. “I have no money or insurance to get professional help; I can’t even pay my mortgage (抵押贷款) and face losing everything.”

[S] Since then, Toebe said, she has kept her promise to herself to cut back on her Internet use. “I have a boyfriend now, and I’m not interested in online dating,” she said by phone last week. “It’s a lot better now.”

36. Excessive Internet use had rendered Toebe so poor that she couldn’t afford to seek professional help.

37. Now that she’s got a boyfriend, Toebe is no longer crazy about online dating.

38. Andrew Heidrich now visits websites that discuss online gaming addiction to curb his desire for online gaming.

39. According to Orzack, people who struggle with heavy reliance on the Internet may feel depressed.

40. According to Professor Maressa Orzack, Internet use would be considered excessive if it seriously affected family relationships.

41. Andrew Heidrich cut back on online gaming because his family had intervened.

42. Her daughters’ repeated complaints eventually made Carla Toebe realize she was spending too much time on the Internet?

43. In one of the messages she posted on a website, Toebe admitted that she had an Internet Addiction.

44. People haven’t yet reached agreement on the definition of excessive Internet use.

45. Jonathan Bishop believes that the Internet overuse problem can be solved if people can realize what is important in life.

Section C (2.5’×10 = 25’)

Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

Passage One

Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage.

Personal computers and the Internet give people new choices about how to spend their time. Some may use this freedom to share less time with certain friends or family members, but new technology will also let them stay in closer touch with those they care most about. I know this from personal experience.

E-mail makes it easy to work at home, which is where I now spend most weekends and evenings. My working hours aren’t necessarily much shorter than they once were but I spend fewer of them at the office. This lets me share more time with my young daughter than I might have if she’d been born before electronic mail became such a practical tool.

The Internet also makes it easy to share thoughts with a group of friends. Say you do something fun or see a great movie perhaps--- and there are four or five friends who might want to hear about it. If you call each one, you may feel tired of telling the story.

With E-mail, you just write one note about your experience, at your convenience, and address it to all the friends you think might be interested. They can read your message when they have time, and read only as much as they want to. They can reply at their convenience, and you can read what they have to say at your convenience.

E-mail is also an inexpensive way to stay in close touch with people who live far away. More than a few parents use E-mail to keep in touch, even daily touch, with their children off at college.

We just have to keep in mind that computers and the Internet offer another way of staying in touch. They don’t take the place of any of the old ways.

46. The purpose of this passage is to ________.

A. explain how to use the Internet

B. describe the writer’s joy of keeping up with the latest technology

C. tell the merits and usefulness of the Internet

D. introduce the reader to basic knowledge about personal computers and the Internet

47. The use of E-mail has made it possible for the writer to ________.

A. spend less time working

B. have more free time with his child

C. work at home on weekends

D. work at a speed comfortable to him

48. According to the writer, E-mail has an obvious advantage over the telephone because the former helps one ________.

A. reach a group of people at one time conveniently

B. keep one’s communication as personal as possible

C. pass on much more information than the latter

D. get in touch with one’s friends faster than the latter

49. The best title for this passage is ________.

A. Computer: New Technological Advances

B. Internet: New Tool to Maintain Good Friendship

C. Computers Have Made Life Easier

D. Internet: a Convenient Tool for Communication

50. The author’s attitude towards the Internet is .

A. indifferent B. positive C. critical   D. ironic

Passage Two

Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage.

The entertainment profession, or “show business”, attracts many young people. Unfortunately, only very few can hope to become famous and successful. Talent is not enough, because show business is as competitive as any other business. Without a good manager, the performer can never hope to succeed. Fashion is important in this business, too. The best tailor (裁缝) in the world will never be successful if he makes old-fashioned clothes. In exactly the same way, a performer must change his “act” in order to follow the taste of the moment. This is true for actors, dancers and comedians (喜剧演员), but perhaps most of all for singers.

“Pop” stands for “popular”, and a pop singer has to work very hard to become popular. He must either give the public what they already want or he must find a new way of singing that will attract their attention. Even when he has succeeded and his records are sold everywhere, he cannot relax. He must work harder to stay popular, because there are always younger singers trying to become famous and to steal some of the popularity.

The life of a successful pop singer is not at all easy. He can only relax when he is alone, because everything he does is watched and reported in the special newspaper written for the “fans”. The fans are the most important people in the world for the singer. They buy his records, go to his concerts and make him rich and famous. But they can be very annoying, too. Sometimes their enthusiasm goes so out of control that they do anything to get a memento (纪念品) off the singer. They steal handkerchief, they tear off buttons, and they even cut off a strand (一缕) of the unfortunate singer’s hair. Many singers have been stripped (脱去) practically naked by their fans.

A pop singer has to spend a lot of money on clothes, because he must always look smart, or at any rate, different. He must have a luxury car. And he must always keep smiling for the benefit of his public.

51. In order to become a successful performer in show business, one must have _____.

A. good looks B. a lot of money

C. good chances D. talent, fashion and a good manager

52. The example of the “tailor” is cited here to explain that ________.

A. clothes that the tailor made is vital to performers’ success

B. performers have to change their performances to be popular

C. performers should do the same thing as a tailor does

D. performers can never succeed without a tailor

53. When a pop singer has become famous, he must work hard to ________.

A. attract the public B. remain popular

C. sell more records D. earn more money

54. It can be inferred that the fans’ over-enthusiastic behavior sometimes _______.

A. express their dislike for the singers B. make the singers most popular

C. show their great respect for the singers D. make the singers feel embarrassed

55. From the last paragraph we know that a pop singer ________.

A. can relax when he is successful B. must pay much attention to his clothes

C. can enjoy his life at will D. is always annoyed by his fans

Part IV Translation 15’

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese to English. You should write your answer on the Answer Sheet.

信息技术(Information Technology)正在飞速发展, 中国公民也越来越重视信息技术,有些学校甚至将信息技术作为必修课程,对这一现象大家持不同观点。一部分人认为这是没有必要的,学生就应该学校传统的课程。另一部分人认为这是应该的,中国就应该与时俱进。不管怎样,信息技术引起广大人民的重视是一件好事。

  参考答案

Part I Writing (15%)

Part II Listening Comprehension (1’x35=35%)

1-5 D D B A D

11-15 A B D A D

21-25 C D B A D6-10 A D B A C

16-20 D C B B C

26. lifetime

27. personal

28. easily

29. pressure

30. adjust

31. lonely

32. benefit

33. don’t waste time

34. in a couple of years

35. make the most of it

Part III Reading Comprehension (35%)

Section A (1’x10=10%)

36-40 R S P M I

Section A (2.5’x10=25%)

41-45 O A Q C F

46-50 C C B D B 51-55 D B B D B

Part V Translation — Chinese to English (15%)

With full-speed development of the Information Technology, Chinese citizens pay more and more attention to it and some schools even take it as a compulsory course. Regarding to this phenomenon, different people have different opinions. Some people argue that it is not necessary to do this since the traditional courses are supposed to be learned. While some others think it is a need because China should keep pace with the times. Anyway, it is a good thing that Information Technology has drawn attention of the people.

相关资料

相关阅读