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2019年商务英语高级词汇及例句(28)

全国等级考试资料网 2019-10-06 10:06:30 13

N

NASDAQ (National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation) (美)全国证券交易商自动化报价系统

nationalization (n) the action of making companies under central government control 国有化

[例]All companies opposed nationalization of the wholesale sector.

[同义词]privatization

near money (n) an item that can be easily exchanged into money 准货币

[同义词] quasi-money

negotiable (adj.) able to be negotiated subject to agreement可协商解决的,可转让的

[例] A negotiable bill can be transferred freely.

negotiate (v.) discuss with another or others to reach agreement, bargain磋商

[同义词] bargain, deal, debate

negotiation (n.) (often plural) act of bargaining磋商

[例] We are starting our annual pay negotiations next week.

net (adj.) after all deductions have been made净的

[例] net profit

network (n.)net of relations 关系网络

[例] set up the network for his future business

nominate (v) 1.to propose by name as a candidate, especially for election 提名

[例]All board members nominated David for the president.

2.to designate or appoint to an office, a responsibility, or an honor 任命

[例] He was nominated by the selection board as area manager directing the sales in North China.

[同义词] appoint

non-negotiable (adj) 1. can’t be changed or discussed 不可改变(商量)的

[例] The terms in the contract are all by agreement of two parties and is non-negotiable.

2.can’t be exchanged for money 不可转让的

[例] This is a non-negotiable cheque.

nosedive (v) a sudden, swift drop or plunge 猛跌

[例]Stock prices took a nosedive.

[同义词] plummet

notice (n.) 1. information about something that will happen通知

[例] The workers gave the management 24 hours’ notice of the strike.

2. information that a person will leave his employment (voluntarily or not)辞职通告

[例] I’ve heard that three more are going to give in their notice in May.

null and void (adj) without legal force 无效的

[例]The lease contract matured last Saturday , so it is now null and void.

[同义词] invalid

nullify (v) to make null使无效

[例] Due to default of our partner, we nullified the contract.

[同义词] invalidate.

O

objective (n.) target, aim目标

[例] The daily 10 customers is a burdensome objective for the salesman.

obsolete (adj.) no longer used过时的

[例] The old product is now obsolete.

[同义词] outmoded, antiquated, old-fashioned

obsolescence (n.) process of going out of date because of advances in technology陈旧

occupation (n) an activity that serves as one’s regular source of livelihood职业

[例]What is your full-time occupation and part-time avocation?

[同义词] avocation

offer [ 5CfE ] (n.) statement that you are willing to pay a certain amount出价

[例] We made a good offer.

offer (v.) say you are willing to pay/help出价

off-season (adj & adv) in the cheap, less busy season 淡季的

[例] The sweater is a real bargain for I bought it off-season.

off-the-peg (adj.) standard, not customized现成的,标准的

[例] All the washing machines have off-the-peg parts.

off-the-shelf (adj.) referring to goods which are made before a customer order is placed

[例] Before the consumer order is placed, they have prepared off-the-shelf goods.

opening [ 5EupniN ] (n.) job; vacancy职位空缺

[例] Is there any opening for the applicants?

operate (v.) run or work a machine/business运转

[例] The section head should make full function to operate daily production.

operating profits profits which result from day-to-day business营业利润

operations chart (n.) graphic which shows the operations on a part of the production system操作图

[例] Have you make clear of the operations chart? It can show you the operations on a part of the production system.

operative (n) worker工人

[例] She is a skilled operative.

opportunity (n.) chance to do something机会

[例] There are opportunities and risks in this market.

optimize (v.) to do something in the best possible way, for example, production使最优化

[例] The factory tried to optimize the production.

option (n.) possibility, opportunity选择权,买卖特权

[例] We have the first option to buy the property.

[同义词] choice, alternative, selection

share option (n.) right to buy/sell shares at a certain price on a future date授给在一定时期内按预定价格买卖股票的权利

original (n) the source from which a copy, reproduction, or translation is made 原件

[例] Keep the original for later reference.

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