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2021考研英语:语法长难句之插入句和倒装句

全国等级考试资料网 2019-10-05 09:20:54 17

  摘要:今天介绍的是长难句中的插入句和倒装句的内容,语法相关内容大家还是要好好看的,打好基础,后面的备考过程会轻松一点。

  第一部分:插入句

  一、理论常识

  插入结构表示说话人的态度和看法,解释或者说明整个句子,去掉之后句子仍然完整。插入结构的成分可以是副词、形容词短语、介词短语、不定式短语、分词短语或者主谓结构。在这就不一一论述了。但值得注意的是插入语的翻译,有些插入语,尤其是位于句首的插入语,可保持原文中的词序。然而,在许多情况下,需要对英语原文句子的顺序作必要的调整,使译文符合汉语习惯。

  二、试题举例

  But , for a small group of students , professional training might be the way to go since well-developed skills , all other factors being equal , can be the difference between having a job and not .

  【参考翻译】但是,对一小部分学生来说,专业训练也是条可取的路径。因为在其他因素相同的情况下,技能的娴熟是得到工作与否的关键。

  第二部分:倒装句

  一、理论常识

  倒装句的几种形式

  1. 以here , there ,then , now , next引出的倒装句。

  Here comes the special guest of the party .

  There seem to be many beautiful girls in the university .

  2. 以表地点的介词短语引出的倒装句。

  At the school gate stood an old woman .

  Under the tree are sitting some students .

  On the bed lay a big teddy bear .

  注意:主语为代词是不用倒装。

  3. 以表示方位的副词引出的倒装句。

  Off went the horse .

  Down fell a dozen apples .

  4. 否定词或具有否定意义的词及词组用在句首。

  Never have I seen such a good teacher .

  Not a moment did he waste on campus .

  By no means should she be left alone .

  Under no circumstances will I believe you .

  5. only置于句首。

  Only in this way can we make a difference .

  6. as / though引导让步状语从句。

  Rich as he is , he spends a cent on charity .

  Try as / though he does , he never seems able to get a high score in the exams .

  7. 在虚拟条件句中,连词if省略时,即将were , had , should等词提到句首。

  Were I you , I would take this chance .

  Should he come tomorrow , he would help us to settle the problem .

  二、试题举例

  Odd though it sounds , cosmic inflation is a scientifically plausible consequence of some respected ideas in elementary-particle physics , and many astrophysicists have been convinced for the better part of a decade that it is true.

  【重点词汇解析】plausible,adj. 貌似可信的;consequence,n. 结果、推论;astrophysicist,n. 天体物理学家

  【参考翻译】尽管它听起来很奇怪,宇宙膨胀说是在基础粒子物理学中的一些公认的观点在科学上貌似可信的推论,并且很多天体物理学家在近十年中已经相信这种理论是真实的。

 

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