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2019年公共英语四级模拟试题及答案十一

全国等级考试资料网 2019-05-19 17:53:47 49

Part One Reading Comprehension (2’×10 = 20’)

Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

Passage One

Scientists are trying to make the deserts into good land again. They want to bring water to the deserts so that people can live and grow food. Even so, more and more of the earth is becoming desert all the time.

Why? Scientists think that people make deserts. People are doing bad things to the earth. Some people on the earth do not get very much rain. Yet, they still do not become deserts. This is because there are some small green plants growing there. Plants help keep water in the earth. Plants do not let the wind blow the dirt away. Without plants, the land can become a desert much more easily.

A man decides to make a farm in a very dry place. He digs in the earth and takes away the grass and plants that are already growing on the dry land.

He makes a farm. He puts plants in rows. The sun is very hot. It makes the land even drier. When the rain comes, it runs between the row of plants. It washes the good dirt away. When the wind comes, it blows between the rows of plants. It blows the good dirt away. Soon the land is not good enough for a farm any more. The man lets his animals eat all the plants on it. Now the land does not have any plants on it. The sun and wind dry the land and all of the good dirt away. Now the land is a desert.

1. A desert is probably _____________.

A. grassy B. wet C. treeless D. muddy

2. Land is becoming desert because of lack of _____________.

A. rain B. people C. wind D. plants

3. Which of the following is NOT the reason why small green plants are very important to dry places?

A. They keep the earth from becoming even drier.

B. They do not let wind blow the earth away.

C. They add color to the dry places.

D. They hold water.

4. It can be inferred from the passage that _____________.

A. it is bad to plant in rows in a dry place

B. it is better to raise animals on dry land than to make a farm

C. it is bad to make a farm in a dry place, but it is good to raise animals there

D. all lands that don’t get very much rain are deserts

5. What’s the writer’s purpose in giving an example of the man?

A. To criticize him. B. To tell an interesting story.

C. To prove man makes deserts. D. To prove the hot sun makes a desert.

Passage Two

For years, international swimming has been controlled by a small number of powerful nations. The U.S., Russia, Germany and Australia have produced some of the sport’s finest players and have won most of the top competitions and medals. But the results of this month’s world championships, which are being held in the Australian city of Perth, will not be so easy to predict. Since the 1996 Olympics in Atlanta, many new names and nationalities have emerged to take on the world leaders.

The 1996 Olympics should have been an opportunity for the U.S. to display its great swimming power, but instead it faced some embarrassing defeats. The surprises started on the first day of the competitions, when Fred of Belgium (比利时) set a world record in the competition for 100-metres breast-stroke (蛙泳). Never before had Belgium produced an Olympic champion swimmer. Two other countries also won swimming gold medals for the first time on the opening day. Ireland’s Michell Smith delighted her country with her first of her three gold medals. New Zealand also celebrated with Danyon Loader’s gold in the men’s 200-metre free style. Loader went on to win the 400 meters later in the competition.

By late on the second day, the U.S. team’s officials and coaches were starting to be surprised. Penny Heyns of South Africa had broken the women’s 100-metre breast-stroke record in the morning competitions before claiming gold in the final.

6. It is hard to predict the results of this month’s championships because _____________.

A. players from different countries have sprung up as new champions

B. many names of the players haven’t been heard

C. a few countries have won international swimming competitions

D. the 1996 Olympics in Atlanta was a success

7. What the U.S. had to face at the 1996 Olympics was _____________.

A. new swimming power B. a big success

C. several unpleasant failures D. a great deal of embarrassment

8. The player of Belgium broke a world record in 100-metre breast-stroke which _____________.

A. it had won before B. it has not gained before

C. it had won many times D. the U.S. had never won before

9. How many gold medals have the other countries won on the opening day?

A. Three. B. Four. C. Five. D. Six.

10. It can be inferred from the passage that _____________.

A. the U.S. is still the only powerful country in swimming

B. the U.S. has been a great swimming power

C. Ireland once controlled international swimming

D. Belgium had won several world swimming championships

Part Two Listening Comprehension (35’)

Section A (1’×15 = 15’)

Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer sheet with a single line through the centre.

11. A. He watched television with his friend.

B. He stayed at home talking with his friend.

C. He went to see a film with his friend.

D. He went to see his schoolmate.

12. A. 5:10. B. 5:00. C. 4:30. D. 5:15.

13. A. At a booking office. B. In a Hong Kong hotel.

C. On a busy street. D. At an airport.

14. A. The next bus is coming soon.

B. The bus will wait a few minutes at the stop.

C. There are only two or three passengers waiting for the bus.

D. They can catch this bus without running.

15. A. The wind stopped, but it’s still raining.

B. The rain stopped.

C. It is still raining, and the wind is blowing.

D. Both the rain and wind stopped.

16. A. He decided not to go to New York.

B. They won an award recently.

C. They are going to organize a dinner.

D. No one expected him to move.

17. A. A sunny day. B. A nice raincoat.

C. An attractive dress. D. A lovely hat.

18. A. No one can find the Department.

B. He helps people find the Department here.

C. He has no idea where to find the Department.

D. He is working at the university.

Conversation One

Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

19. A. He is not satisfied with his present job.

B. He worries too much about his grandmother.

C. People dislike his food.

D. He is going to be fired.

20. A. He learned it in a training center of cooking.

B. He learned it from his grandmother.

C. He learned it from his mother.

D. He learned it from his wife.

21. A. He dislikes other businessmen.

B. He wants to have more chances to go on business.

C. He doesn’t want to trouble others.

D. He wants to be self-employed.

22. A. Whether he would have enough funds.

B. Whether his food is to the customers’ taste.

C. Whether his family members would support him.

D. Whether he can pay less tax to the government.

Conversation Two

Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

23. A. Tap dancing and square dancing. B. Tap dancing and belly dancing.

C. Folk dancing and square dancing. D. Folk dancing and belly dancing.

24. A. Interesting. B. Time-wasting.

C. Very tiring. D. Inspiring.

25. A. He does not like to interact with people.

B. He doesn’t thinks the dancing course will help him interact with other people.

C. He hates the dancing course very much.

D. He also wants to take the dancing course so that he could be more confident.

Section B (1’×10 = 10’)

Directions: In this section, you are going to hear three short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passages and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer sheet with a single line through the centre.

Passage One

Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.

26. A. Their family members. B. Their relatives.

C. Their closest friends. D. Strangers.

27. A. To get advice. B. To subscribe.

C. To place an advertisement. D. To apply for membership.

28. A. They are two well-known writers who give advice.

B. They are two famous doctors.

C. They are two lawyers.

D. They are two professors at the New York State University.

Passage Two

Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard.

29. A. Many foreign tourists visit the United States every year.

B. Americans enjoy eating out with their friends.

C. The United States is a country of immigrants.

D. Americans prefer foreign foods to their own food.

30. A. They can make friends with people from other countries.

B. They can get to know people of other cultures and their lifestyles.

C. They can practise speaking foreign languages there.

D. They can meet with businessmen from all over the world.

31. A. The couple cook the dishes and the children help them.

B. The husband does the cooking and the wife serves as the waitress.

C. The mother does the cooking while the father and the children wait on the guests.

D. A hired cook prepares the dishes and the family members serve the guests.

Passage Three

Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.

32. A. He went to watch his son play in a hockey game.

B. He watched a hockey game on TV with his son.

C. He and his son had a very good dinner together at an Italian restaurant.

D. He called his wife Dana who was appearing in a play in California.

33. A. His courage in fighting against his paralysis.

B. His love for his 12-year-old son Will.

C. His role as Superman in the movie with the same name.

D. His opening of the first center in the USA devoted to paralyzed people.

34. A. A horse riding accident.

B. A car accident.

C. A deadly infection of an incurable disease.

D. A sudden heart attack.

35. A. Christopher Reeve loved acting more than anything else in the world.

B. Christopher Reeve was as brave as the superman he played in the movie.

C. Christopher Reeve’s great comfort was to die with his son at his side.

D. Christopher Reeve will be remembered as a spokesman for the disabled.

Section C (1’×10 = 10’)

Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written. (答案请写在答题纸上)

Customers differ greatly from country to country. Does a man walk on the left or the right of a woman in your country? Should you use both hands when you are eating?

The American and the British not only speak the same language but also (36) _____________ a large number of social customs. For instance, in both countries, people shake hands when they meet each other for the first time. Also, most English will open a door for a woman or (37) _____________ their seat to her, and also will most Americans. Promptness is (38) _____________ both in Britain and America. If a dinner invitation is for 7 o’clock, the dinner guest either arrives close to that time or calls up to (39) _____________ the delay.

It is relatively common both in China and in the west to invite friends and acquaintances to dinner. However, the customs (40) _____________ with this are often very different in the two cultures, and so both Westerners and Chinese may easily feel (41) _____________, and misunderstandings may be the result. When Westerners wish to invite people to dinner, it is normal to ask them a week or so in (42) _____________. This is because Westerners often (43) ______________________________________ quite carefully, and like to plan what they are doing. If less notice than this is given, it is implied that the invitation is a (44) ______________________________________, and that it does not matter too much if the people can’t accept. So if the host really wants them to come, it is wise to (45) ______________________________________.

Part Three Vocabulary and Structure (0.5’×20 = 10’)

Directions: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

46. There is __________ evidence that stress is partly responsible for his failing health.

A. convinced B. convincing C. condense D. condensed

47. Einstein’s theories of __________ contributed much to the development of science.

A. relativity B. relative C. relatively D. related

48. Scientists will have to __________ new technologies to improve the world’s food and fuel supplies.

A. come up with B. come upon C. come on D. come across

49. The invisible force was evidence to Albert __________ there was more to our world than meets the eye.

A. where B. when C. who D. that

50. He accepted an invitation to join the __________ as a full professor.

A. focus B. fact C. faculty D. face

51. Parents should give sound advice to their children during their __________ from childhood to manhood.

A. transfer B. translate C. transition D. transmit

52. With a __________ of updated information, the website is popular with university students.

A. wealth B. health C. myth D. truth

53. The travel agency __________ in adventure trips, which attract young people eager for challenges.

A. specialize B. specializes C. special D. specific

54. I don’t think that the amount of studying you did in high school would be sufficient for you to __________ good marks in university.

A. manufacture B. sponsor C. attract D. attain

55. The sweaters are made of wool __________ from Australia.

A. importing B. imported C. import D. be imported

56. Being the son of a professor does not qualify him __________ the scholarship consideration.

A. to B. for C. at D. as

57. From all the indications, it is safe to __________ that the prices of cars will go down by large margins.

A. consume B. assure C. resume D. assume

58. He returned to his hometown so that he could __________ his passion for football.

A. indulge B. break C. limit D. obsess

59. They expected a living space with water __________ abundant that it could supply their needs forever.

A. so B. such C. too D. as

60. She failed to call the police to __________ her appointment.

A. greet B. retreat C. puzzle D. cancel

61. He has just heard that he has been __________ by Oxford University.

A. responded B. accepted C. allowed D. adjusted

62.The movie I went to see with Karen last night __________ me of my boyhood in New York City.

A. minded B. recalled C. reminded D. remembered

63. Annual sales of hundreds of products now marked under the Proctor & Gamble umbrella __________ thirty billion dollars.

A. exact B. expect C. exceed D. except

64. The local government’s decision to reduce unemployment benefits enraged the workers who were laid off and they __________ violent protest.

A. resorted B. resorted to C. sorted D. sorted to

65. I had no idea because __________ I thought about idioms __________ sure I was what they were.

A. the longer, the less B. the less, the longer

C. the long, the less D. the longer, the little

Part Four Banked Cloze (1’×10 = 10’)

Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once. (请在答题纸上写单词对应的字母代号)

A. element B. stirred C. device D. shaking

E. remarkably F. urged G. adopt H. directly

I. longer J. pursue K. importing L. while

M. efforts N. complex O. decade

It seems that the young Albert Einstein was never exactly an ordinary child. When he was 5 years old and sick in bed, he was given a (66) __________ called a compass. He lay there (67) __________ and twisting it, certain he could fool it into pointing off in a new direction. But try as he might, his (68) __________ were in vain. This (69) __________ his intellect and ignited (点燃) his inspiration. Not only was he passionately curious, he was also (70) __________ persistent and would not easily give up on a problem. He had the patience and determination that kept him at things (71) __________ than most others. At age 12, Albert Einstein came upon a set of ideas that impressed him as “sacred” (神圣的). He was inspired to (72) __________ mathematics as the tool he would use to (73) __________ his curiosity. His true genius lay in his ability to express (74) __________ ideas in simple terms. Einstein’s wealth of ideas peaked (75) __________ he was still a young man of 26, although he never stopped looking for answers.

Part Five Translation (答案请写在答题纸上) ( 2’×5 = 10’)

Directions: Complete sentences by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets.

76. If you do have financial difficulties, you can ______________________________________ (申请学生贷款).

77. While I admit that there are problems, ______________________________________ (我并不认为这些问题不能解决).

78. To most of the teenagers, when it comes to______________________________________ (既舒服又时尚的衣着), nothing beats T-shirt and jeans.

79.Thoughts are ______________________________________ (通过语言来表达的).

80. A great man can ______________________________________ (控制困难的局面) by force of character.

Part Six Writing (答案请写在答题纸上) ( 15’ ×1=15’)

Directions: For this part, you are required to write a short essay on the topic My Views on Travelling on Holidays. You should write at least 120 words (no more than 150 words) based on the topic sentence for each paragraph:

1. 越来越多的人们选择假期旅行,以此放松自己,愉悦身心。

2. 人们选择旅行的原因。

3. 你的看法。

参考答案

Part One Reading Comprehension (2’×10 = 20’)

1-5 C D C A C 6-10 A C B C B

Part Two Listening Comprehension (1’ ×35= 35’)

11-15 B C D A B 16-20 D D C A B 21-25 D B A C B 26-30 D A A C B 31-35 C A C A B

36. share 37. offer 38. important 39. explain 40. associated 41. confused 42. advance

43. schedule their time (1’)

44. relatively casual one (1’)

45. invite them earlier (1’)

Part Three Vocabulary and Structure (0.5’×20 = 10’)

46-50 B A A D C 51-55 C A B D B 56-60 B D A A D 61-65 B C C B A

Part Four Banked Cloze (1’×10 = 10’)

66-70 C D M B E 71-75 I G J N L

Part Five Translation ( 2’×5 = 10’)

76. apply for a student loan.

77. I don’t agree that they cannot be solved

78. fashionable and comfortable clothing / clothes

79. expressed by means of language

80. dominate a difficult situation

Part Six Writing ( 15’×1=15’)

Open.

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