全国等级考试资料网 2019-05-19 17:53:44 47

Part I (15’) Writing (30 minutes)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic My View on Major-hopping. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words, and base your composition on the outline given below:

1. 一些人在学习中坚持不换专业;

2. 必要时应考虑更换学习的专业;

3. 我的看法。

My View on Major-hopping


Part II (10’) Skimming and Scanning (15 minutes)

Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once. Each paragraph is marked with a letter. Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet.

Companies must decide: Is a business trip worth it?

Competition can spur travel

[A]Business travel dropped precipitously last year. The U.S. Travel Association says roughly $215 billion was spent on business travel in 2009, down from $244 billion in 2008. The travel industry predicts an uptick this year. There was a 1.5% increase in spending on travel and entertainment during the first quarter of 2010 compared with that period last year, says Mike McCormick, executive director of the National Business Travel Association, or NBTA, and a 2.8% increase during the first quarter of 2010 over the fourth quarter of 2009.

[B]And that travel can spur more — for competitive reasons. "The stabilizing and growing economy puts companies, competitors, back out on the road — especially the sales departments," says Kevin Mitchell of the Business Travel Coalition. "So you can’t really sit back like you were able to comfortably do through most of 2009, comforted in the knowledge that most of your competitors were scaling travel way back as well."

[C]Some business-travel analysts say that for businesses to profit and grow, travel is essential. An NBTA study conducted by IHS Global Insight determined that for every dollar spent on corporate travel, the average business would see $15 in profits. "The only way to grow sales is to go out and get them," McCormick says. "All it takes is for (a company) to lose that piece of business because their competitor showed up and they didn’t, and they’re back on the road."

[D]Ultimately when evaluating whether to hit the road, corporate travel experts say, companies are trying to figure if the potential for revenue in the near future or down the line is greater than the cost of the trip. Such decisions are often as much art as science. They depend on many factors, including a company’s priorities, the service or product it’s selling, and the status of a particular client relationship and transaction.

[E]"It’s very much down to individual companies and what they prioritize," says Eric Bausman, of Carlson Wagonlit Travel, a global firm that helps companies manage corporate travel programs. "Typically ... those initial introductory meetings, the very first sales calls until you make the sale, those are the ones you really target for being in the room with the customer." Once a relationship is established, Bausman says, a business might consider visiting the client less frequently, supplementing "those trips with virtual meetings: cellphone calls, Web meetings and video conferences."

Giving technology a try

[F]The economic downturn has compelled many businesses to consider or better utilize virtual meeting technology, corporate travel experts say. Options include telephone conference calls, streaming a meeting via the Internet, or telepresencing, in which large screens can make meeting participants in another part of the world appear to be practically sitting across the conference table. The Association of Corporate Travel Executives says the percentage of its members who were "seriously looking" into using videoconferencing rose from 21% in 2007 to 81% in 2009. The cost of communication technology has dropped and quality has improved, industry analysts say.

[G]Megan Costello, executive director of the Association of Corporate Travel Executives, says it’s increasingly being used by companies to cut down on internal meetings that would require travel — trips that many of the association’s members said were using up to 40% of the corporate travel budget but not producing revenue.

[H]An American Express Business Travel survey conducted in January found 74% of respondents said they use or plan to use audio conferencing as an alternative to travel, while 71.6% were using or planned to use Web-based online conferencing or videoconferencing as an option. "In the vast majority of our client discussions ... in terms of new enhancements with our program or areas of interest they’d like us to explore, virtual meetings are always at the top of the list," says Issa Jouaneh, a vice president at American Express Business Travel.

[I]American Express Business Travel launched its virtual-meeting expert service in August. Consultants work with a client considering a corporate trip, asking about the meeting’s goals and such things as the number of people who would attend. Based on the answers, they advise whether a virtual meeting might be more efficient.

[J]Many businesses are also using corporate online booking tools to help would-be road warriors decide whether to go or stay. GetThere — a business unit of Sabre Travel network, which provides such a tool — says that last year many companies moved the question asking about the purpose of the trip from the end of the booking process to the beginning. Depending on the reason you give — "training," for example, or "customer visit" — a message is triggered as to whether to consider an alternative such as a Web conference or if you’ll need to get approval for the trip. Of GetThere’s more than 3,000 clients, the number using dynamic messaging — which also advises on preferred suppliers if you are going to take the trip — more than doubled last year.

[K]Eventually, says Chris Kroeger, GetThere’s president, the booking tool could calculate which way to go. But even if the dollar figures say a teleconference is the way to go, Kroeger says, the person involved should be able to say if the meeting is best done face-to-face.

When only a meeting will do

[L]Although some advisers expect some business trips will be replaced by technology, they say technology won’t become a wholesale substitute for meeting in-person. "It’s not that we’re going to suddenly switch from all meetings face-to-face to all by virtue of technology," says John Millikin, who teaches strategy and human resources management at Arizona State University. "You may have a rise in the use of technology to supplement face-to-face meetings so that you are getting a little bit of the better of two worlds."

[M]Last year, Knight, the machinery company executive from Columbus, says his business trips were reduced by at least 25%. He adds that his company has used videoconferencing for some training and is exploring using it for other purposes as well. Still, he says, "I just don’t believe you can exactly boil it down to: ’Here are guidelines. Either you can close business with this trip or there’s no trip.’ I think that’s a mistake." The impact of each trip has to be examined, Knight says. "There are certain places where it’s obvious I need to go," he says. "Sometimes that’s to hold a hand. Sometimes it’s to help them understand a concept on a project that you’re just not getting through by e-mail or phone or documents."

[N]For some businesses, there are no complex calculations to make. Earl Quenzel, who with his wife has an advertising and Web marketing agency in Fort Myers, Fla., says that during the depths of the recession, they took pay cuts and reduced their fees. But they refused to cut travel. And he’s not about to start now. "If a customer wants to see you, you go," Quenzel says. "If you even think the customer might want to see you or could use a little TLC, you go see them. And the same with a prospect. ... You don’t cut the things that involve (serving) your clients or winning new business. It’s just stupid."

1. As to client discussions, virtual meetings are always the first choice for a majority of companies.

2. For companies, if the potential for revenue in the near future is greater than the cost of the trip, it’s worthwhile to offer a trip.

3. The travel industry forecasts an increase this year.

4. More and more companies are decreasing the number of internal meetings that would call for travel.

5. Travel is necessary for businesses to develop and make profits.

6. The economic recession has forced many businesses to consider or better use virtual meeting technology.

7. Once a business has established relationship with its customer, it is unlikely to consider visiting the client frequently.

8. Some businesses refused to cut travel because they think it’s UNWISE to cut the things that involve serving clients or winning new business.

9. Technology won’t replace meeting in-person completely.

10. Virtual-meeting expert service can help clients figure out whether a virtual meeting might be more efficient than travel.

Part III (35’) Listening Comprehension (35 minutes)

Section A

Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Now let’s begin with the 8 short conversations.

11.A. Ask Mary to help her.B. Type the data quickly.

C. Hand in the data to the computer center.D. Ask Mary to extend the due date.

12.A. The homework was very easy.

B. The man should go to class.

C. The man should sit in the back of the classroom.

D. She’s further behind in her work than the man is.

13.A. The number of rooms in the apartment.

B. Trouble within the man’s family.

C. The reason why the man has so many clocks.

D. What the woman should give to her family.

14.A. Martha knows practically everybody. B. Bob isn’t hard to cheer up.

C. Bob didn’t order the right thing.D. Martha always knows exactly what to say.

15.A. She bought something for her aunt. B. She missed it.

C. She was there only briefly.D. She went to it on her way to the hospital.

16.A. The man should shut the window tightly.

B. The man should put some screws in the wood.

C. The man should stick to his work.

D. The man should use a tool to open the window.

17.A. Sam returned it.B. It turns in the lock.

C. It’s in the locker.D. He got it from Sam.

18.A. She was understanding.B. She was apologetic.

C. She was annoyed.D. She was careless.

Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

19.A. Her kids will arrive home after school.

B. She is too exhausted to work.

C. She has finished her work.

D. The man does not ask her to go back to the office.

20.A. It is weird.B. It is exhausting.

C. It is convenient. D. It is comfortable.

21. A. It is produced by weird people.B. The woman does not like it.

C. One can see a lot of strange things in it. D.The man is determined to watch it tonight.

22.A. The woman will record tonight’s program.

B. He will be having a meeting with his boss at that time.

C. His boss might ask him to stay up late.

D. He may have to prepare for tomorrow’s business trip.

Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

23.A. She has lost some of her important stuff.

B. There is something wrong with her eyes.

C. She doesn’t know how to use steel to build construction.

D. She doesn’t know where to get the information she need.

24.A. It takes time to collect the useful information.

B. One can only read books in the library.

C. All books are difficult to understand.

D. One has to line up to borrow books.

25.A. To find the information in the library.B. To borrow the books from her teacher.

C. To give her shoes to Steve.D. To consult her tutor what to do.

Section B

Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A, B, C, and D. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Passage One

Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.

26.A. In 1901 in Atlanta. B. In 1901 in Askin’s.

C. In 1901 in Arizona.D. In 1925 in Milestone.

27.A. When the owner was painting his room for Milestone Motor Hotel, he thought of it.

B. It stands for “many hotel rooms” in Milestone Motor Hotel.

C. The owner disliked the name of “Milestone Motor Hotel” and changed it.

D. The owner shortened the full name of the hotel for lack of space on the signboard.

28.A. Radio or TV.B. Telephone.

C. Computer.D. Swimming pool.

Passage Two

Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard.

29.A. Over 30 million men. B. Over 30 million middle-aged men.

C. Those energetic Americans. D. Americans of both sexes and all ages.

30.A. Because of their strong desire for good health.

B. Because of their love for hobbies and pastimes.

C. Because of their fear of heart disease.

D. Because of their extra energy.

31.A. It was rising. B. It was lowering.

C. It remained unchanged.D. It was fluctuating.

Passage Three

Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.

32.A. 215,000.B. Less than 250,000.

C. More than 350,000.D. About 300,000.

33.A. Poor health condition of the children.B. Poor quality of village schools.

C. Religious differences.D. Different lifestyle or faith.

34.A. They lack opportunities to interact with children of their age.

B. Their parents are not qualified instructors.

C. They cannot win honor in such an environment.

D. They make no genuine friends.

35.A. Positive.B. Negative.C. Neutral.D. Indifferent.

Section C

Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

I love traveling by train. Fast (36) ________, slow local trains which stop at every station, suburban trains taking business men to their offices and home again; I enjoy them all. It must be the element of romance that (37) ________ to me. There is no romance in a car on a motorway--a box of metal and rubber on a strip of concrete--or in flying (38) ________ the air in a pressurized tube from one (39) ________ plastic and glass airport to another. But trains are different. You can walk around, look at the scenery, (40) ________ your fellow passengers. (41) ________ all you can see are the clouds and the backs of other people’s heads.

Yes, traveling by train is still an (42) ________, even in England. You try to interpret the timetable, persuade the booking-office clerk to sell you a (43) ________ and understand the incomprehensible messages coming over the loudspeaker systems.

Then there’s that delightful uncertainty as you wonder whether you are (44) ________, or the right part of the train. Abroad, of course, it’s even more exciting, (45) ________ in those countries which forget to put names on their railway stations. Not only are you never certain that you are on the right train but you don’t even know when to get off if you are.

Part IV (25’) Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) (25 minutes)

Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Passage One

Nowadays, Internet shopping is becoming increasingly popular and many high street stores and supermarkets are now offering this facility. You can shop for just about anything from the comfort of your own home, and all you need to do is to sit in your armchair and order things directly on the Internet.

Shopping on the Internet offers convenience and time-saving benefits to shoppers, as compared to traditional storefront(店面) shopping. People can shop for a variety of products on the Internet, ranging from physical products, such as books, CDs, clothes and food, to information products, such as online news or magazines stories. If it is too inconvenient for you to go out for shopping on your own, or if lack of time makes it difficult for you to shop at physical locations such as stores and shopping malls, you can choose to do shopping in the Internet. The Internet operates 24 hours a day, seven days a week,and shoppers can expect to find and purchase goods on the Internet anytime, unlike traditional storefronts which have fixed opening hours. No wonder that some research findings indicate that consumers views the Internet as an “instrument of convenience”.

Despite the advantages of Internet shopping, there are also disadvantages of Internet shopping. The main disadvantage on Internet shopping is that you cannot actually see the products you are buying or check their quality. Sometimes the computer image of the products can hardly compare with those that can be touched for quality and put on for comfort. Furthermore, Internet shopping cannot provide the social interaction and the sense of community. Many people will find it completely unpleasant because they may miss the opportunity to talk to friends. Some people are worried about paying for goods using credit cards, so Internet companies are now finding ways to make online payment safe.

As a new type of shopping, Internet shopping is bound to become more and more popular in the future. Moreover, if the problem of the security of the payment can be overcome, there will be more people willing to try online shopping.

46.What is the most important advantage of Internet shopping?

A. The reasonable price.B. The quality of the goods.

C. The convenience it brings to you.D. The speed the goods are delivered to you.

47.The phrase “physical products” (Line 2-3, Para. 2) means________________.

A. anything you can useB. things useful for health care

C. things connected with studyD. things you can see or feel

48.On-line news and magazine stories are _______________.

A. not yet available on the Internet

B. everywhere on the Internet and free to download

C. information products available on the Internet

D. the most popular products on the Internet

49.We can learn from the third paragraph that _____________________.

A. a delivery charge added to the shopping bill discourages people from shopping online

B. online payment is so safe that people can shopping on the Internet securely

C. people who enjoy the social experience will not choose online shopping

D. the quality of the goods is not always exactly what you expect

50. What can you infer from the last paragraph?

A. Sometimes people worry about the money the pay online.

B. Shopping on the Internet is a relatively new shopping mode.

C. Shopping is made easier by Internet shopping.

D. People need to get used to computer system for a secure way of shopping.

Passage Two

Levittown was the name given to three suburban developments constructed in the post World War II decades by Levitt and Sons, the most important private builder of this period. Using new mass production techniques they had learned while building housing for military personnel during the Second World War, they turned home building from a cottage industry into a major manufacturing process.

During World War II, they received government contracts to build homes for war workers. Under deadline pressure, they developed mass production methods to build houses quickly. These techniques were carried over to their postwar suburban developments. On May 7, 1947, William Levitt announced his plans to build 2,000 houses in a former potato field in the state of New York. Then, by the time this Levittown was completed in 1951, it had contained 17,450 homes for 75,000 people in New York. Levitt eventually built two more Levittowns, in the states of Pennsylvania and New Jersey. Each contained the same curving streets, community pools, and neighborhood parks, play grounds as the first development did.

Some observers criticized the monotonous uniformity of the Levittowns, charging that they are just the symbol of materialism, but Levittowns were overwhelmingly welcomed by the public. They were cheap, comfortable, efficient, and ideal for young people just starting out in life. Thousands of middle class people, especially some young couples, crowded in city apartments, or still living with their parents, rushed to purchase them. Fourteen hundred contracts were signed in one day in 1949.

Levittown symbolized the most significant social trend of the postwar era in the United States----the flight to the suburbs. The resulting massive shift in population from the central city to the suburbs was accompanied by a baby “boom” that started after soldiers returned home from World War II and got married. By 1960, one-third of the nation’s population lived in the suburbs. The nation underwent its greatest increase in population since 1910.

51.What does the passage mainly discuss?

A. Levittown was built by William Levitt with the mass-production method.

B. Levittown served as an ideal and leading example of social changes in the US after World War II.

C. Increases in the population of the United States after the war.

D. Why there was a housing shortage after World War II.

52. What was the original reason for Levitt to use the method of mass production to build houses?

A. In order to reduce the cost of the construction.

B. To meet people’s need to own their own houses after the war.

C. There was a population shift from central city to the suburbs.

D. He was forced to do so because of the lack of time.

53. One of the reasons Levittowns were criticized by some observers was that ___________.

A. the land on which the first Levittown was built was previously used for agriculture

B. the methods Levitt used for construction were new to them

C. the Levittown houses were lack of variety

D. home building shouldn’t be changed from a cottage industry into a major manufacturing process

54. Thousands of people rushed to buy Levitt’s houses because of _______________.

A. the low pricesB. the convenient transportation

C. its location in the suburbsD. the crowded family in the city

55.What can be inferred from the passage?

A. Levitt’s houses have led to the great shift in population after the Second World War.

B. William Levitt had tapped the postwar desire of young Americans to raise their children outside the central city.

C. Levittown has become the world’s most perfectly planned community.

D. The population of the United States increased sharply after the Second World War.

Part V Translation (15’) (15 minutes)

Directions: This part is to test your ability of translating. Write your translation in the corresponding space on the Answer Sheet.

中国是茶的故乡。据说早在五六千年前,中国就有了茶树,而且有关茶树的人类文明可以追溯到两千年前。来自中国的 茶和丝绸、瓷器—样,在1000年前为世界所知,而且一 直是中国重要的出口产品。目前世界上40多个国家种植茶,其中亚 洲国家的产量占世界总产量的90%。其他国家的茶树都直接或间接 地起源于中国。


Part I Writing (15’)

Part II Skimming and Scanning (1’x10=10’)

1-5 H D A G C6-10 F E N L I

Part III Listening Comprehension (1’x35=35’)

11-15 A B C D B16-20 D A C A C

21-25 C D D A D26-30 C D C D A

31-35 B D B A C

36. express 37. appeals 38. though 39. identical

40. observe 41. In a plane 42. adventure

43.ticket 44. on the right train 45.particularly

Part IV Reading Comprehension (2.5’x10=25’)

46-50 C D C D A 51-55 B D C A B

Part V Translation (15’)

(参考译文) China is the homeland of tea. It is believed that China has tea plants as early as five to six thousand years ago,and human cultivation of tea plants can date back two thousand years. Tea from China,along with her silk and porcelain, began to be known in the world over more than a thousand years ago and has since always been an important Chinese export. At present, more than forty countries in the world grow tea with Asian countries producing 90% of the world’s total output. All tea trees in other countries have their origin directly or indirectly in China.