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2019年公共英语四级模拟试题及答案十三

全国等级考试资料网 2019-05-19 17:53:42 50

Part I Listening Comprehension (1×30=30’)

Section A

Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and a long conversation. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡上对应题号作答。

1. A) Yes, he will. B) No, he won’t.

C) Yes, he probably will. D) No, he probably won’t.

2. A) He gets nervous easily. B) He is an inexperienced speaker.

C) He is an awful speaker. D) He hasn’t prepared his speech well.

3. A) None of the students here study English.

B) All of the students here like English.

C) Some students here study English.

D) All of the students here dislike English.

4. A) There are too many courses offered to students.

B) The man should take fewer courses next semester.

C) The man will take four courses next semester.

D) It is wiser to take more than four courses.

5. A) By bus. B) By bike.

C) By taxi. D) On foot.

6. A) He didn’t work as hard as he was supposed to.

B) He didn’t pass the physics exam.

C) He did better in an earlier exam.

D) He found something wrong with the exam.

7. A) Reading newspaper. B) Writing documents.

C) Talking about animals. D) Watching TV.

8. A) They went to the same party some time ago.

B) They are discussing when to meet again.

C) They don’t know how to get to Mickey’s home.

D) They will go to Mickey’s graduation ceremony.

Listen to the conversation and choose the right answer to each of the questions you hear.

Questions 9 and 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

9. A) Reading and scuba diving.

B) Scuba diving and motorcycling with Gloria.

C) Accompanying Gloria on shopping and dancing.

D) Doing whatever pleases Gloria.

10. A) Gloria will have a happy holiday in St. Lucia.

B) Bob will not enjoy the holiday in St. Lucia.

C) Both Bob and Gloria will have a good time doing all the activities together in

St. Lucia.

D) Neither Bob nor Gloria will enjoy their time together in St. Lucia.

11. A) She doesn’t like Gloria at all.

B) She wonders why Bob lets Gloria decide everything for him.

C) She is encouraging Bob to listen to Gloria’s ideas.

D) She can’t understand why Bob wants to take a trip to St. Lucia.

Section B

Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡上对应题号作答。

Passage One

Questions 12 to 14 are based on the passage you have just heard.

12. A) He was shopping. B) He was watching a film.

C) He was making a phone call. D) He was talking to a policeman.

13. A) Her attractive manners. B) Her beautiful figure.

C) Her unusual height. D) Her fashionable handbag.

14. A) He was arrested by the police. B) He was acting in a film.

C) He had taken the woman’s bag by mistake.

D) He was only making a joke.

Passage Two

Questions 15 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.

15. A) Several qualities that all good supervisors have in common.

B) A good boss treats all her employees fairly.

C) A good supervisor gives clear and understandable directions.

D) A good boss evaluates her employees on a reasonable set of criteria.

16. A) She’ll even use her favorites to spy on other employees.

B) She constantly changes her mind about what she wants the employees to do.

C) She gives both praise and criticism in a straightforward manner.

D) She will criticize without giving any suggestions on how to improve.

17. A) She sets the standards for her employees by her own behavior.

B) She gives both recognition and criticism in a direct manner.

C) She gives clear and understandable directions.

D) She treats all her employees fairly.

Passage Three

Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

18. A) The Tower of London. B) The Tower Bridge in London.

C) The Thames. D) The tall and old warehouses.

19. A) The tall buildings. B) The old buildings.

C) The warehouses. D) The Tower of London.

20. A) In 1890. B) In 1850.

C) A hundred years ago. D) A thousand years ago.

Section C

Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

注意:此部分试题请在答题纸上作答。

A large party was held at Bourn Hall near Cambridge to 21 the 25th birthday of Louise Brown, the world’s first test tube baby. Louise stood on the steps of the famous

22 with her arm around Professor Bob Edwards as the guests began to arrive. It was Professor Edwards and the 23 Patrick Steptoe who first devised the 24 that have made it possible for more than a 25 test tube babies to be born around the world.

Joined by more than 1,000 other test tube babies, Louise, the guest of 26 , thanked all those present. She said: “It is so nice to be here with everybody, to see all the other IVF babies who have been born in the last 25 years.”

She added, “I don’t do many 27 these days. There have been times in the past, like on my 18th and 21st birthdays, when the 28 has been more interested than at any other time, but 29 special events like this party, my life is pretty 30 .

Part II Vocabulary and structure (0.5’×30=15’)

Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡上对应题号作答。

31. I find it almost _____ that no one noticed these errors.

A) indispensible B) inevitable C) incurable D) incredible

32. Too many people are added to the population of the world _____.

A) comparatively B) relatively C) annually D) actually

33. Cuba is _____ for China in its bid to strengthen links with Latin American and Caribbean countries.

A) transnational B) expendable C) essential D) indefensible

34. It wasn’t an accident. He did it _____.

A) on occasion B) on condition

C) on intention D) on purpose

35. I don’t want to _____ his bad temper.

A) come up with B) keep up with

C) put up with D) come out with

36. Without them, the journey that brought you to this important transition _____ more difficult and less rewarding.

A) should have B) would have been

C) would have D) should be

37. Anyone over the age of 18 is _____ to vote.

A) eligible B) spread C) decided D) separated

38. I have to _____ my essay as there are some parts I am not satisfied with.

A) rehearse B) revise C) renew D) retell

39. Tina is determined to take her doctor’s _____ to give up smoking.

A) confirm B) advice C) application D) idea

40. Shandong Province_____the second in the production of apples, producing 500,000 tons this year.

A) ranked B) occupied C) arranged D) classified

41. You are only allowed to _____ in the fast lane on a motorway.

A) overtake B) overturn C) overrun D) overcome

42. The author of the novel is well _____ with the customs of the remote area because he has been working there for many years.

A) acknowledged B) acquainted C) enlightened D) informed

43. Before leaving the office, she _____ herself that all the doors were closed.

A) assured B) ensured C) insured D) made sure

44. Women in western countries were _____ the right to vote until 1920.

A) ignored B) rejected C) denied D) refused

45. The classified ads are a good place to begin a _____ for employment .

A) career B) trip C) visit D) search

46. The theory was attacked ten years ago when it was first _____, but gradually it was improved.

A) looked into B) come to C) put forward D) gone over

47. The desks and seats can be _____ to the height of any child.

A) adopted B) shifted C) adjusted D) corrected

48. Several loudspeakers are_____ from the ceiling and we can hear the speaker very clearly.

A) connected B) maintained C) isolated D) hung

49. Many people think a healthy life is _____ with the happy mood and nutritious food.

A) involved B) bound C) tied D) associated

50. The team has decided _____ go to Shanghai by train.

A) whether they would B) that they would

C) who they would D) which travel they would

51. I must apologize _____ not answering your letter in time.

A) from B) for C) due to D) as a result of

52. The drug made her _____.

A) insane B) irrelevant C) irresponsible D) invaluable

53. _____ , no one would blame you.

A) Should you have changed your mind B) Change your mind

C) Should you change your mind D) Your mind is changed

54. As a doctor, he spent his life _____ disease and a ceremony was carried out in honor of him.

A) frightening B) contending C) competing D) combating

55. You are _____ me with my sister—it was she who was sick last week.

A) accusing B) confusing C) refusing D) excusing

56. At the party, they _____ in eating and drinking.

A) catered B) reveled C) operated D) handled

57. It’s an _ __ to buy good-quality goods, even though they cost more.

A) economy B) economic C) economics D) economical

58. We welcome rain, but a (an) _____large amount of rainfall will cause floods.

A) extensively B) extremely C) especially D) constantly

59. When he missed the last bus, he was _____ what to do.

A) in despair B) in favor of C) at a loss D) in a way

60. The police are suspicious _____ his words, because he already has a record.

A) to B) at C) on D) of

Part III Reading Comprehension (30’)

Section A (1’×10=10’)

Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please write down the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

注意:此部分试题请在答题纸上作答。请在空格内填写单词前的字母选项。不要填写单词。

Parents and students of the Class of 2005: I have re based on the following passage.

language use.gless sentences. with gradually as awareness of those m 61 with the format of this Convocation and the content of this speech for the past 10 days. Since the morning of Sept. 11, the campus has been 62 quiet. Except for two memorial services, all major events were 63 . As we considered how to start a new 64 year, we decided that a Convocation was, in fact, the most fitting way to 65 our activities.

Students, you 66 our best hope for the future and for peace in our world. Americans and good-hearted people of all ages throughout the world will mourn this

67 and carry the memory of that terrible day in their hearts. But it is your

68 that will face the 69 of building a world in which such inhuman acts can never again 70 .

A.  canceled

B.  challenge

C.  generation

D.  intrigue

E.  occur

F.  innovation

G.  uncommonly

H.  tragedy

I.  resume

J.  distinguished

K.  venture

L.  academic

M.  represent

N.  struggled

O.  exceptional

 

Section B (2’×10=20’)

Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡上对应题号作答。

Passage One

Questions 71 to 75 are based on the following passage.

Some psychologists(心理学家)maintain that mental acts are not performed in the brain alone, but that one’s muscles also participate. It may be said that we think with our muscles in somewhat the same way that we listen to music with our bodies.

You surely are not surprised to be told that you usually listen to music not only with your ears but with your whole body. Few people can listen to music that is more or less familiar without moving their body or, more specifically, some part of their body. Often when one listens to a symphony(交响乐)concert on the radio, he is tempted to direct the orchestra(交响乐队)even though he knows that there is a competent conductor on the job.

Strange as this behavior may be, there is a very good reason for it. One cannot derive(得到)all possible enjoyment from music unless he participates, so to speak, in its performance. The listener “feels” himself into the music with more or less pronounced motions of his body.

The muscles of the body actually participate in the mental process of thinking in the same way but this participation is less obvious because it is less pronounced.

71. The process of thinking and that of listening to music are similar in that _____.

A) both are mental acts

B) muscles participate in both processes

C) both processes are performed by the entire body

D) we derive equal enjoyment from them

72. The pronounced body motions are a listener’s way of _____.

A) “feeling” the music

B) participating in the performance

C) deriving enjoyment from the music

D) all of the above

73. Body movements are necessary in order for the listener to _____.

A) hear the music

B) comprehend the music

C) enjoy the music fully

D) completely understand the music

74. According to the passage, muscle participation in the process of thinking is _____.

A) deliberate

B) obvious

C) not really apparent

D) very pronounced

75. What is the best title for the passage?

A) An Ear for Music

B) Music Appreciation

C) How Muscles Participate in Mental Acts

D) A Psychological Definition of the Thinking Process

Passage Two

Questions 76 to 80 are based on the following passage.

Most people have had a dog or wanted one as their companion(伙伴)at some time in their lives. If you are thinking of buying a dog, however, you should first decide what sort of companion you need and whether the dog is likely to be happy in the surroundings you can provide. Specialists’ advice is useful to help you choose the most suitable kind of dog. But in part the decision depends on common sense. Different dogs were originally developed to perform specific tasks.

So, if you want a dog to protect you or your house, for example, you should choose the one that has the right size and characteristics. You must also be ready to devote a great deal of time to training the dog when it is young and give it the exercise it needs throughout its life, unless you live in the countryside and can let it run freely.

Dogs are demanding pets. Cats love the house and so are satisfactory with their place where there is security, but a dog is loyal to its master and consequently wants him to show proof of his affection. The best time to buy a baby dog is when it is between 6 to 8 weeks old so that it can transfer its love for its mother to its master. If baby dogs have not established a relationship with the human being until they are over three months old, their strong relationship will always be with dogs. They are likely to be too shy when they are brought out into the world to become good pets.

76. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?

A) You can get help from the specialists.

B) It is common sense that is the most important when choosing a dog.

C) You should decide what kind of dog you want.

D) Size and characteristics of the dogs should be considered too.

77. What is mentioned as a consideration in buying a dog?

A) The color of the dog.

B) The price of the dog.

C) Whether the dog will fit the environment.

D) Whether the dog will get along with other pets in the house.

78. Why does the writer say a dog is a more demanding pet than a cat?

A) It must be trained so that it won’t bite.

B) It demands more food and space.

C) It needs more love and care.

D) It must be looked after carefully.

79. Why is it advised to buy a baby dog under three months old?

A) It’s easier to buy a baby dog under three months old.

B) They are less likely to be shy with human beings.

C) They are less likely to run away.

D) It’s easier for them to form a relationship with their masters.

80. The word “affection” (line 13) means _____.

A) love

B) effect

C) tie

D) relationship

Part IV Translation (15’)

注意:此部分试题请在答题纸上作答。

Section A (2’×5=10’)

Directions: For this part, complete each sentence by the Chinese given in the brackets.

81. __________ (正如水是液体中最重要的一样),oxygen is the most important of gases.

82. Without John’s help, __________ (我们绝不会这么快就完成实验).

83. __________ (我对你的能力很有信心),I ’m sure you’ll succeed.

84. You should judge by yourself, __________(别总是跟在你哥哥后面).

85. Being selected to co-star in Wild Palms __________(将会是我一生中难得的经历).

Section B (5’)

Directions: For this part, translate the short paragraph into English.

86. 都灵市(Turin),2006年奥运会的主办城市,曾发起“青年2006”(Youth of 2006)志愿活动,其目的是培训年轻人成为都灵的“大使”:即文化大使,也作为和平和友谊的大使。

_____________________________________ ________________________________

Part V Writing (10’)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay. You should start your essay with a brief description of the picture and then express your views on the importance of language use. You should write at least 120 words, but no more than 180 words. Write your essay on Answer Sheet.

注意:此部分试题请在答题纸上作答。

参考答案:

Part I Listening Comprehension

Section A (1’ⅹ8+1’ⅹ3=11’)

Short dialogues: 1-8: A B C B A B D A

Long conversation: 9-11: D A B

Section B (1’ⅹ3+1ⅹ’3+1’ⅹ3=9’)

12-14: A B B 15-17: A C A 18-20: B D C

Section C (1’ⅹ10=10’)

21. celebrate 22. clinic 23. late 24. techniques

25. million 26. honor 27. interviews 28. press

29. apart from 30. normal

Part II Vocabulary (0.5’ⅹ30=15’)

31-35: D C C D C 36-40: B A B B A

41-45: A B A C D 46-50: C C D D B

51-55: B A C D B 56-60: B A B C D

Part III Reading Comprehension

Section A (1’ⅹ10=10’)

61-65: N G A L I 66-70: M H C B E

Section B (2’ⅹ10=20’)

71-75: B D C C C 76-80: B C C D A

Part IV Translation

Section A (2’ⅹ5=10’)

81. Just as water is the most important of liquids

82. we couldn’t have finished the experiment so soon

83. I have great faith in your ability

84. and not always follow your brother’s lead

85. will be a once-in-a-lifetime experience for me

Section B (5’)

86. Turin, the host city of 2006 Olympic Games, launched a volunteering project—“Youth of 2006”. Its purpose was to train young people to be Turin ambassadors: the ambassadors of culture, (and )(the ambassadors)of peace and brotherhood as well.

Part V Writing (10’)

看图作文 Importance of Language Use

参考大意

In order to learn and use a foreign language well, it is necessary to overcome the fear of making mistakes. However, we sometimes express ourselves in grammatically correct sentences in meaninglessness. Do you think the primary goal of language use is to communicate meaningfully, and mistakes are secondary considerations that may be dealt with gradually as awareness of those mistakes increases.

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