2019年公共英语四级写作模板及范文:烟草

全国等级考试网 2019-04-13 23:04:37 2

2019年公共英语四级写作模板及范文:烟草

Study the following set of pictures carefully and write an essay in no less than 120 words.

Your essay must be written clearly on ANSWER SHEET 2.

Your essay should cover all the information provided and meet the requirements below:

1. Interpret the following pictures.

2. Predict the tendency of tobacco consumption and give your reasons.

分析:

这是典型的图表+提纲式的命题,题目中提供的材料十分丰富,包括柱状图、饼状图以及其他相关数据。组图充分反映了当代烟草消费的规模、危害和趋势,是人们普遍关心的热点话题之一。通过对组图的分析,我们可以看出烟草在全世界有着十分庞大的消费群体规模,每年因为烟草消费消耗的资金数额大得惊人,同时也有数以百万计的人由于烟草消费而被夺去了生命。当然,我们从图中也可以发现一个令人欣喜的趋势,那就是烟草的总产量在近几年呈下降的态势,一定程度上说明了烟草消费引起的健康问题开始得到了人们的重视,并出现了相关的解决措施。

本题的难点在于图表给的信息量太大,考生如何最恰当地在全文中使用数据将决定文章的质量。如果一味将所有数据都堆在第一段,会造成第一段过于冗长,全文头重脚轻。在下面的范文中,图表数字得到了灵活的运用,比较得体。比如文章在一开始先用烟民人数占全世界人数的比例来说明了烟草消费的巨大规模,然后又通过该行业消耗的人民财产和生命进一步说明产业之大、对人类危害之重。而至于第一幅图中关于烟草产量的数字则被用到了第二段中来说明未来的趋势,非常得体、恰当。

范文:

Tobacco is one of the commodities that are consumed in an immense amount worldwide. From the pictures, we can learn that the global smoking population amounts to 1.1 billion, approximately 20% of all the worlds’ residents. 200 billion dollars are spent annually in order to purchase tobacco and relevant products, which further stimulate the business’ flourishing development. Meanwhile, the harm caused by tobacco consumption is experiencing a similar upward trend—statistics indicates that 3,000,000 people die of smoking and related diseases every year.

Nevertheless, given the pessimistic statistics at the present, we can still predict optimistically that tobacco consumption will decline based on several new tendencies that are emerging. In the first place, there is an extensive public awareness of the negative impact of smoking, and as a result, more people resist the tempetation of cigarettes. In the second place, governments are setting more regulations to limit tobacco production. The effectiveness of such a policy was testified by the prompt drop of the tobacco production from 14.364 billion in 1994 pounds to 14.2 billion pounds in 1995 as seen in the picture.

In short, I firmly believe that, with the efforts of the whole society, we can launch more movements to realize a cleaner world with less smoking.

  译文:

烟草是一种在全世界有着巨大消费量的商品。从图中我们可以看出,全世界的烟民已经到达了11亿,约占全世界总人口的20%。人们每年花在购买烟草以及相关产品的费用就达20亿美元,进一步促进了烟草业的繁荣。同时,烟草消费带来的危害也日益增长——统计数据显示每年有300万人死于由抽烟引起的相关疾病。

尽管目前的数据非常悲观,但是从一些新的趋势中,我们可以乐观地预测烟草消费将会有所下降。首先,公众普遍意识到了抽烟的负面效应,因此,越来越多的人拒绝烟瘾。其次,各国政府正在制定各项措施限制烟草的生产。图中显示烟草生产从1994年的143.64亿磅下降到了1995年的14.2亿磅,这就证明了政府措施的有效性。

总而言之,我坚信在全社会的努力下,我们可以发起更多的运动,来实现一个更干净的无烟世界。

  闪光词汇及词组:

in an immense amount: 以极大的数量

amount to: 达到,总计

approximately: adv. 大约,近似

annually: adv. 年度地,每年一次

purchase: v./ n. 采购,购买

flourishing: adj. 繁荣的,欣欣向荣的

decline: 下降、衰落

emerge: v. 出现,浮出

temptation: n. 诱惑

testify: v. 测试

launch: v. 发行,发起,投入

万能句型:

From the pictures, we can learn that…

Nevertheless, given the pessimistic statistics at the present, we can still predict optimistically that

In the first place … In the second place …

In short, I firmly believe that

相关Tags:公共英语四级

2万+
1 点赞

相关阅读