英语四、六级考试语法精要解析:反意疑问句

全国等级考试资料网 2019-04-09 12:48:04 305

  反意疑问句

  在具体运用反意疑问句时应注意以下几点:
  1) 如果陈述句部分是一个含有宾语从句的复杂句,则反意疑问部分的谓语动词和主语代词要与主句的谓语动词和主语相对应。
  He never said she would come, did he?
  You told me I had passed the exam, didn’t you?
  但是如果陈述句部分是 “I (don’t) think, believe, suppose, imagine, expect, fancy, reckon等+宾语从句”的结构时,反意疑问部分的谓语动词和主语代词要与宾语从句的谓语动词和主语相对应,并且要注意否定的转移。
  I suppose you are not serious, are you?
  She imagines that people like her, don’t they?
  I don’t believe she knows it, does she? (因don’t的否定意义后移而不用doesn’t)
  I didn’t expect she would come, would she? (因didn’t的否定意义后移而不用wouldn’t)

  2) 如果陈述句部分是祈使句,则反意疑问部分一般用will you。在否定祈使句后还是用will you。
  Read the text, will you?
  Don’t be late, will you?
  如果陈述句部分是以Let’s开头的祈使句,则反意疑问部分一般用shall we;如果是以Let us开头的祈使句,则反意疑问部分一般用will you。
  Let’s have a party tonight, shall we?
  Let us go home, will you?

  3) 如果陈述句部分带有never, nothing, nowhere, hardly, scarcely, seldom, rarely, barely, little, few等否定词或半否定词,反意疑问部分的动词要用肯定式。
  You can hardly believe this, can you?
  He has few good reasons for staying, has he?

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